Apache

SSLCipherSuite EECDH+AESGCM:EDH+AESGCM
# Requires Apache 2.4.36 & OpenSSL 1.1.1
SSLProtocol -all +TLSv1.3 +TLSv1.2
SSLOpenSSLConfCmd Curves X25519:secp521r1:secp384r1:prime256v1
# Older versions
# SSLProtocol All -SSLv2 -SSLv3 -TLSv1 -TLSv1.1
SSLHonorCipherOrder On
Header always set Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=63072000; includeSubDomains; preload"
Header always set X-Frame-Options DENY
Header always set X-Content-Type-Options nosniff
# Requires Apache >= 2.4
SSLCompression off
SSLUseStapling on
SSLStaplingCache "shmcb:logs/stapling-cache(150000)"
# Requires Apache >= 2.4.11
SSLSessionTickets Off
            

nginx

ssl_protocols TLSv1.3;# Requires nginx >= 1.13.0 else use TLSv1.2
ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
ssl_dhparam /etc/nginx/dhparam.pem; # openssl dhparam -out /etc/nginx/dhparam.pem 4096
ssl_ciphers EECDH+AESGCM:EDH+AESGCM;
ssl_ecdh_curve secp384r1; # Requires nginx >= 1.1.0
ssl_session_timeout  10m;
ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:10m;
ssl_session_tickets off; # Requires nginx >= 1.5.9
ssl_stapling on; # Requires nginx >= 1.3.7
ssl_stapling_verify on; # Requires nginx => 1.3.7
resolver $DNS-IP-1 $DNS-IP-2 valid=300s;
resolver_timeout 5s;
add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=63072000; includeSubDomains; preload";
add_header X-Frame-Options DENY;
add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
                
Do you need to (or are forced to) support old / legacy software like IE < 11, Android < 4.4 or Java < 8? Yes, give me a ciphersuite that works with legacy / old software.

Warning

These examples are meant for sysadmins who have done this before (and sysadmins are forced to support Windows XP with IE < 9, therefore des3cbc), as an easily copy-pastable example, not for newbies who have no idea what all this means. The settings are very secure, but if you don't know what you are doing might make your website and subdomains unavailable for a long, long time (see HSTS). Research what you are doing and think before you act.
Other suggestions
  • sha256 certificates
  • 4096-bit private key
  • >2048 DH Pool size -
    openssl dhparam -out dhparams.pem 4096

Other Software

haproxy 2.x

global
   ssl-default-bind-options no-sslv3 no-tlsv10 no-tlsv11 no-tls-tickets
   ssl-default-bind-ciphers EECDH+AESGCM:EDH+AESGCM
   tune.ssl.default-dh-param 2048

frontend http-in
      mode http
      option httplog
      option forwardfor
      option http-server-close
      option httpclose
      bind $YOUR_IP:80
      redirect scheme https code 301 if !{ ssl_fc }

frontend https-in
    option httplog
    option forwardfor
    option http-server-close
    option httpclose
    http-response add-header Strict-Transport-Security max-age=31536000;\ includeSubDomains;\ preload
    http-response add-header X-Frame-Options DENY
    bind $YOUR_IP:443 ssl crt /etc/haproxy/haproxy.pem curves X25519:secp521r1:secp384r1:prime256v1 ciphers EECDH+AESGCM:EDH+AESGCM no-sslv3 no-tlsv10 no-tlsv11
        

Postfix

smtpd_use_tls = yes
smtpd_tls_security_level = may
smtpd_tls_auth_only = yes
smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/ssl/postfix.cert
smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/ssl/postfix.key
smtpd_tls_mandatory_protocols = !SSLv2,!SSLv3,!TLSv1,!TLSv1.1
smtpd_tls_protocols = !SSLv2,!SSLv3,!TLSv1,!TLSv1.1
smtpd_tls_mandatory_ciphers = medium
tls_medium_cipherlist = EECDH+AESGCM:EDH+AESGCM
tls_preempt_cipherlist = yes
        

Exim

tls_certificate = /etc/exim.cert
tls_privatekey = /etc/exim.key
tls_advertise_hosts = *
tls_require_ciphers = EECDH+AESGCM:EDH+AESGCM
openssl_options = +no_sslv2 +no_sslv3
        

ProFTPd

TLSEngine on
TLSLog /var/ftpd/tls.log
TLSProtocol TLSv1.2
TLSRequired on
TLSCipherSuite EECDH+AESGCM:EDH+AESGCM
TLSRSACertificateFile /etc/proftpd.cert
TLSRSACertificateKeyFile /etc/proftpd.key
        

Dovecot

ssl = yes
ssl_cert = </etc/dovecot.cert
ssl_key = </etc/dovecot.key
ssl_min_protocol = TLSv1.2
ssl_cipher_list = EECDH+AESGCM:EDH+AESGCM
ssl_prefer_server_ciphers = yes
ssl_dh = </etc/dhparam.pem # openssl dhparam -out /etc/dhparam.pem 4096
        

MySQL

[mysqld]
ssl-ca=/etc/mysql-ssl/ca-cert.pem
ssl-cert=/etc/mysql-ssl/server-cert.pem
ssl-key=/etc/mysql-ssl/server-key.pem
ssl-cipher=EECDH+AESGCM:EDH+AESGCM
# replication:
GRANT REPLICATION SLAVE ON *.* to ‘repl’@’%’ REQUIRE SSL;
STOP SLAVE;
CHANGE MASTER MASTER_SSL=1,
MASTER_SSL_CA=’/etc/mysql-ssl/ca-cert.pem’,
MASTER_SSL_CERT=’/etc/mysql-ssl/client-cert.pem’,
MASTER_SSL_KEY=’/etc/mysql-ssl/client-key.pem';
SHOW SLAVE STATUS\G;
START SLAVE;
SHOW SLAVE STATUS\G;
        

DirectAdmin

ssl_cipher=EECDH+AESGCM:EDH+AESGCM
SSL=1
cacert=/usr/local/directadmin/conf/cacert.pem
cakey=/usr/local/directadmin/conf/cakey.pem
carootcert=/usr/local/directadmin/conf/carootcert.pem
        

Postgresql

ssl = on
ssl_ciphers = 'EECDH+AESGCM:EDH+AESGCM'
password_encryption = on
        

OpenSSH Server

Protocol 2
HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_ed25519_key
HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key
KexAlgorithms curve25519-sha256@libssh.org,diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256
Ciphers chacha20-poly1305@openssh.com,aes256-gcm@openssh.com,aes128-gcm@openssh.com,aes256-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes128-ctr
MACs hmac-sha2-512-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-256-etm@openssh.com,umac-128-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-512,hmac-sha2-256,umac-128@openssh.com
        

OpenSSH Client

HashKnownHosts yes
Host github.com
    MACs hmac-sha2-512-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-256-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-512
Host *
  ConnectTimeout 30
  KexAlgorithms curve25519-sha256@libssh.org,diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256
  MACs hmac-sha2-512-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-256-etm@openssh.com,umac-128-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-512,hmac-sha2-256,umac-128@openssh.com
  Ciphers chacha20-poly1305@openssh.com,aes256-gcm@openssh.com,aes128-gcm@openssh.com,aes256-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes128-ctr
  ServerAliveInterval 10
  ControlMaster auto
  ControlPersist yes
  ControlPath ~/.ssh/socket-%r@%h:%p
        

UniFi Controller

unifi.https.ciphers=TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA256,TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
unifi.https.sslEnabledProtocols=TLSv1.2
        

coTURN server

cipher-list="EECDH+AESGCM:EDH+AESGCM"
ec-curve-name=secp384r1
dh2066
no-tlsv1
no-tlsv1_1